India must continue its efforts to avoid the side of issues of development importance. Until that happens, the WTO cannot interfere with India`s sovereignty. India has already marked a red line in sectors such as agriculture by making it clear that there is no room for compromise for its positions. The West has tried relentlessly to present India as a rigid and intransigent negotiator. However, these attributes are more suitable for the United States and other developed countries. They have withdrawn various commitments under the Doha Development Round and have desperately tried to introduce new issues, including the Singapore issues. These issues are detrimental to the interests of the majority of countries and the vast majority of the population. Therefore, most countries stand with India after the failure of each meeting. The coverage of higher education in the GATS will promote the treatment of education as a tradable commodity. It is possible that any agreement will limit the Power of the Indian Government to provide subsidies and support to the sector. Also, it is likely that it will influence India`s booking policy.
In addition, foreign universities will consume India`s scarce educational resources, causing less competitive national and public institutions to lack good teachers. There is also concern that it will speed up the process of exiting skilled workers from India, as foreign universities are likely to design courses as part of their parent institution. Agriculture is the oldest culture in all of human civilization. The history of agriculture in India goes back ten thousand years. The WTO succeeds the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), created in 1947. Gatt held a total of eight rounds. The WTO Agreement on Agriculture, known as the “International Treaty”, was one of the most important agreements negotiated during the Uruguay Round, in which a total of 123 countries participated. The objectives of WTO laws are to promote free and liberal trade. But there has been widespread abuse of this concept. Exporting countries have begun to dump their products into importing countries, which has posed a serious threat to the economies of developing countries, especially to India`s agriculture. This round (8th round of multilateral negotiations) began in 1986 and lasted until 1994. The Uruguay Round negotiations covered more topics and affected more countries than any previous round.
It provides, inter alia, for tariffs on industrial products to be reduced by more than a third on average, for trade in agricultural products to be progressively liberalized and for a new body, the World Trade Organization, to be established to facilitate the implementation of multilateral trade agreements and serve as a forum for future negotiations. The EU and developing countries, led by Brazil and India, are calling on the US to make a more generous offer to reduce trade-distorting domestic support for agriculture. The US insists that the EU and developing countries agree to further reduce tariffs and limit the number of import-sensitive products and “specialty” products (aaa) that would be exempt from reductions. Import-sensitive products are of paramount importance to developed countries such as the European Union, while developing countries deal with specific products – those that are exempt from both tariff reductions and subsidy reductions due to development, food security or livelihoods. .